Written by Elizabeth Barton | September 2, 2021
What springs to your mind when you hear the word interior designing? For most people, the answer is decoration aided by creativity. And this is quite true to some extent because professional interior designers fuse their creativity to the conventional rules. And they can create distinctive and creative layouts. Today, we will talk about the most common interior designs under the perspective of the seven key elements of interior design.
One of the key elements of interior design is colour. A colour is responsible for creating an appeal, ambiance, and the overall feel of an interior. Colours have the powerful energy to bring physical and psychological responses. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to choose a colour wisely for any interior. The most common colour choices for bedrooms and bathrooms are green and blue, as they create an appeal of cool, calm, and serenity. Moreover, these colours entice an airy feel, which is highly essential for bedrooms and bathrooms. Whereas red is a common choice for a kitchen as it is related to appetite. However, in modern days, the fusion of colours for different spaces is used.
Patterns are the repetitive designs on the surfaces and objects of a room. Patterns are of different types like geometric, strips, motifs, and pictorial patterns. Generally, if the objects of a room do not have a pattern, the negative space is filled with patterns to create an impact. For example, Victorian wall tiles are used when the furniture, floor, and artwork have a plain and bold texture.
The texture is the finish of any surface; It can be grainy, matte, glossy, coarse, smooth, and spongy. However, there are two types of texture: Visual and actual texture. It is one of the essential elements of an interior that helps in creating an impact on the feel, perception, and visuals of any set-up. In essence, the texture is responsible to give a high-end appeal to any surface if used appropriately. The rule of thumb to use texture in a room is to use it for highlighting a single object in a room or to juxtapose two objects or surfaces by placing them next to each other.
Space is the fundamental element of interior design. In fact, all the other elements of the interior design revolve around this particular element. There are two spaces to consider in interior designing: positive space and negative space. Positive space is the space in a room that contains objects; whereas, negative space is the space. The common rule for using space is to limit negative space and extend the positive space. However, it is also essential to avoid a room from overcrowding.
The form is another word for the shape that expresses the contours of the objects in a room, like furniture, 3-D space, and artwork, etc. The rule of thumb for using the form to create an eye-appealing statement of an interior is to use similar shapes to create balance and harmony in a space. Different forms create a misbalance and do not distribute focus proportionally which creates a visual flaw.
Light like the colour has the same significance. It creates the feel and ambiance of a space. The rooms that need to look spacious, airy, and serene use lots of lights. Such places have ventilation options to introduce natural light into the room. The quality of light also creates an impact in a room. Tungsten lights are used to create a refreshing appeal; while, florescent lights are used for dark spaces to make them cozy and relaxing.
Vertical, horizontal, and dynamic lines are the key elements of any interior that guide the eye. The horizontal line gives a feeling of stability, harmony, and peace. Whereas the vertical line gives a feeling of boldness, freedom, and strength. The dynamic lines are the curved, zig-zag, and diagonal line that creates a sense of motion and energy. Therefore these lines are usually used for stairs and are used on the feature walls.
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