For someone new to investing it can seem complicated and overwhelming as there are different types of investments. But you don’t have to worry because this guide is to help you understand the basics of investment. There are various assets and investment opportunities, says Nikit Shingari. Understanding the various types of assets to invest in will help you decide and choose the one that fits your need based on your risk tolerance. The truth is that you cannot learn everything about investment in one day as a beginner but you will be given an overview of investment generally. As well as all the basic investment principles that can help you grow money over time. Let’s quickly take a look at the meaning of investment for a better understanding.


It is buying into something you believe will increase in value later in the future. In other words, you put your money into something to get a profitable return. Nikit Shingari says, There are lots of benefits to investing your money which includes growing your money, earning higher returns, reaching your financial goals, and more. 

Since we cannot discuss all the various investment platforms, options or assets let’s consider the popular ones. Understanding the following financial instruments as well as the risk involved is very important for every beginner.


It is the buying and selling of shares in publicly traded companies and is known to be a common investment for beginners. Buying a stock is buying a share of ownership in a company which investors buy to profit from when there is an increase in stock price. The performance of the company is what determines the stock price. Through the help of exchanges such as the NYSE, stocks are traded and regulated.

buying stock

Mutual funds

A mutual fund is a mixture of different investments, some of which are usually managed by professionals. Mutual funds are a diversified investment which is what makes it less risky to invest in them. You can get your profit or increase in value through net asset value, dividend or capital gain. 

Exchange-traded funds (EFTs)

ETFs are much like mutual funds but are low-cost and hold various stocks and securities together. The good thing about ETFs is that you can buy and sell them on a stock exchange just like a normal stock. It is considered to be a good investment for low budgets and new investors. 


Lending your money to the government or company for a profit at a certain period. 

How to start investing

Now that you have a general idea of the popular financial instruments you can invest in, you may want to know how to go about it or where to start.   

Decide the amount you want to invest

To help you make a better decision you should consider your investment goal, financial condition, and how soon you want to achieve it. You can break down the investment amount into weekly or monthly payments to make it easy. Once this is decided you can then go to the next step. 

Choose a trading platform to create an account

For you to invest in any of the assets listed earlier you need a trading platform. Once you have decided on the platform to use then you should create an account to start investing. When choosing a trading platform you should check if there are any hidden fees, the interface, and the number of markets and products you have access to. 

Start investing

Once your account is up and running you should fund it. You don’t need a huge amount of money to open a trading account, you can always start small. You can now choose the stock you want to buy on the platform, place your order and wait for sellers to respond. 

Principle Of Investing

Diversify your investment

It is good to diversify your investment into various assets and is also considered to be a strategy. With the diversification of investment, you can easily survive when the market of one sector becomes unfavorable.  

Have goals and create a financial plan based on it

It is better to have well-defined goals when investing and set a time frame for those goals. Based on those goals you will be able to choose the type of investment that can help you achieve those goals. 

Invest regularly

Investing regularly is very important as it helps you stay focused on making a profitable investment all through the year. You may want to consider auto investing to help you stay disciplined and true to your financial goals. 

Invest early

There can never be a better time to invest than now. If you are waiting for the right time or when you have enough money before investing that time may never come. Whatever your income is at the moment is better to set aside a certain percentage and start investing as early as possible. It helps you build wealth over time as a result of compounding interest.  

Have a risk management strategies

Every investor aims to get a return or profit but without proper risk management, they could lose all their hard-earned money. You can reduce some potential risks to a minimum with proper risk management strategies. 


There are a large number of things one can learn about investments. The key to becoming a successful investor and growing as a beginner is through constant learning and to keep improving your money-making skill. According to Nikit Shingari, you should not invest more than what you can afford to avoid staying up all night.